Adaptations in the elbow flexors of elderly males after heavy-resistance training

W. J. Roman, J. Fleckenstein, J. S. Gundersen, S. E. Alway, Ronald M Peshock, W. J. Gonyea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structural and functional characteristics of the elbow flexors in five elderly males were studied before and after 12 wk of heavy-resistance training. Muscle volume and cross-sectional area of two of the elbow flexor (biceps brachii and brachialis) muscles were determined by magnetic resonance imaging. Mean muscle fiber area, percent fiber distribution, and collagen and noncontractile tissue densities were determined on histological sections from needle biopsies. Isokinetic strength of the elbow flexors was measured at velocities between 60 and 300°/s. Muscle volume and cross-sectional area of the biceps brachii and brachialis significantly increased by 13.9 and 22.6%, respectively, after the training program. A preferential hypertrophy of type II fibers (37.2%) was observed. Significant increases in peak torque were observed at all the tested velocities. The amount of work a subject could perform during a 25-repetition test at 240°/s increased by 41% after training. These results demonstrate that the skeletal muscles of elderly individuals can adapt to heavy-resistance exercise and do so by increases in both muscle size and strength.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-754
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume74
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Resistance Training
Elbow
Muscles
Torque
Muscle Strength
Needle Biopsy
Hypertrophy
Skeletal Muscle
Collagen
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Exercise
Education

Keywords

  • fiber cross-sectional area
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • muscle volume
  • peak torque
  • weight-lifting exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Roman, W. J., Fleckenstein, J., Gundersen, J. S., Alway, S. E., Peshock, R. M., & Gonyea, W. J. (1993). Adaptations in the elbow flexors of elderly males after heavy-resistance training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 74(2), 750-754.

Adaptations in the elbow flexors of elderly males after heavy-resistance training. / Roman, W. J.; Fleckenstein, J.; Gundersen, J. S.; Alway, S. E.; Peshock, Ronald M; Gonyea, W. J.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 74, No. 2, 1993, p. 750-754.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roman, WJ, Fleckenstein, J, Gundersen, JS, Alway, SE, Peshock, RM & Gonyea, WJ 1993, 'Adaptations in the elbow flexors of elderly males after heavy-resistance training', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 750-754.
Roman WJ, Fleckenstein J, Gundersen JS, Alway SE, Peshock RM, Gonyea WJ. Adaptations in the elbow flexors of elderly males after heavy-resistance training. Journal of Applied Physiology. 1993;74(2):750-754.
Roman, W. J. ; Fleckenstein, J. ; Gundersen, J. S. ; Alway, S. E. ; Peshock, Ronald M ; Gonyea, W. J. / Adaptations in the elbow flexors of elderly males after heavy-resistance training. In: Journal of Applied Physiology. 1993 ; Vol. 74, No. 2. pp. 750-754.
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