Add-back of allodepleted donor T cells to improve immune reconstitution after haplo-identical stem cell transplantation

Persis J. Amrolia, G. Mucioli-Casadei, H. Huls, H. E. Heslop, J. Schindler, P. Veys, E. S. Vitetta, M. K. Brenner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poor immune reconstitution after haplo-identical stem cell transplantation results in high mortality from viral infections and relapse. One approach to overcome this problem is to deplete alloreactive cells selectively by deleting T cells activated by recipient stimulators, using an immunotoxin directed against the activation marker CD25. However, the degree of depletion of alloreactive cells is variable following stimulation with recipient PBMC, and this can result in GvHD. We have shown that using recipient EBV-transformed LCL as stimulators to activate donor alloreactive T cells results in more consistent depletion of in vitro alloreactivity while preserving T-cell responses to viral and potential myeloid tumor Ag. Based on these data, we have embarked on a phase I clinical dose escalation study of add-back of allo-LCL-depleted donor T cells in the haplo-identical setting, to determine if the allodepletion we achieve to allow infusion of sufficient T cells to restore useful antiviral/antileukemic responses without causing GvHD. Fifteen patients have so far been treated. The incidence of significant acute or chronic GvHD has been low (2/15), as has mortality from infection (1/15). Preliminary data show accelerated immune reconstitution in dose level 2 patients. Infused allodepleted donor T cells appear able to expand significantly in the face of viral reactivations, and doses as low as 3 × 105/kg may be sufficient to confer useful antiviral immunity in this setting. At a median follow-up of 19.5 months, nine of 15 patients are alive and disease-free. Five patients have relapsed, all of whom have died.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-125
Number of pages10
JournalCytotherapy
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Adaptive immunotherapy
  • Allodepletion
  • Haplo-identical
  • Immune reconstitution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Transplantation

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