Adenosine receptor inhibition attenuates the decrease in cutaneous vascular conductance during whole-body cooling from hyperthermia

Brendan Swift, Ryan Mcginn, Daniel Gagnon, Craig G. Crandall, Glen P. Kenny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adenosine has both vasodilatory and vasoconstrictive properties, yet its influence on cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) during whole-body cooling remains unknown. The present study evaluated the influence of adenosine on reflex cutaneous vasoconstriction. Four microdialysis probes were inserted into the dorsal forearm skin of eight subjects and infused with the following solutions: (i) lactated Ringer solution (CON); (ii) 4 mm theophylline (Theo), a non-selective adenosine receptor antagonist; (iii) 10 mm l-NAME, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase; and (iv) combined 4 mm theophylline and 10 mm l-NAME (Theo +l-NAME). Subjects subsequently donned a water-perfusion garment. Following a thermoneutral baseline period, the suit was perfused with water at 10°C for 20 min (Cooling 1). The suit was then perfused with water at 49°C for 45 min (Heating), followed by a second cooling period of 20 min using 10°C water (Cooling 2). Cutaneous blood flow (laser-Doppler) was measured over each microdialysis probe and used to calculate CVC as a percentage of the maximum determined by sodium nitroprusside infusion and local heating. Cutaneous vascular conductance was significantly elevated at the Theo site relative to CON following Cooling 1 (18 ± 6 versus 8 ± 2%; P= 0.01) and Cooling 2 (27 ± 11 versus 14 ± 5%; P= 0.022). Likewise, CVC at the Theo + l-NAME site remained greater compared with l-NAME after Cooling 1 (13 ± 4 versus 7 ± 3%; P= 0.030) and Cooling 2 (15 ± 3 versus 9 ± 2%; P= 0.009). The present findings demonstrate that non-selective antagonism of adenosine receptors attenuates the decrease in cutaneous vascular conductance during whole-body cooling from hyperthermia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-204
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Physiology
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Purinergic P1 Receptors
Blood Vessels
Fever
Theophylline
Skin
Water
Microdialysis
Adenosine
Heating
Purinergic P1 Receptor Antagonists
Clothing
Inhibition (Psychology)
Nitroprusside
Vasoconstriction
Forearm
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Reflex
Lasers
Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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Adenosine receptor inhibition attenuates the decrease in cutaneous vascular conductance during whole-body cooling from hyperthermia. / Swift, Brendan; Mcginn, Ryan; Gagnon, Daniel; Crandall, Craig G.; Kenny, Glen P.

In: Experimental Physiology, Vol. 99, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 196-204.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Adenosine has both vasodilatory and vasoconstrictive properties, yet its influence on cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) during whole-body cooling remains unknown. The present study evaluated the influence of adenosine on reflex cutaneous vasoconstriction. Four microdialysis probes were inserted into the dorsal forearm skin of eight subjects and infused with the following solutions: (i) lactated Ringer solution (CON); (ii) 4 mm theophylline (Theo), a non-selective adenosine receptor antagonist; (iii) 10 mm l-NAME, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase; and (iv) combined 4 mm theophylline and 10 mm l-NAME (Theo +l-NAME). Subjects subsequently donned a water-perfusion garment. Following a thermoneutral baseline period, the suit was perfused with water at 10°C for 20 min (Cooling 1). The suit was then perfused with water at 49°C for 45 min (Heating), followed by a second cooling period of 20 min using 10°C water (Cooling 2). Cutaneous blood flow (laser-Doppler) was measured over each microdialysis probe and used to calculate CVC as a percentage of the maximum determined by sodium nitroprusside infusion and local heating. Cutaneous vascular conductance was significantly elevated at the Theo site relative to CON following Cooling 1 (18 ± 6 versus 8 ± 2{\%}; P= 0.01) and Cooling 2 (27 ± 11 versus 14 ± 5{\%}; P= 0.022). Likewise, CVC at the Theo + l-NAME site remained greater compared with l-NAME after Cooling 1 (13 ± 4 versus 7 ± 3{\%}; P= 0.030) and Cooling 2 (15 ± 3 versus 9 ± 2{\%}; P= 0.009). The present findings demonstrate that non-selective antagonism of adenosine receptors attenuates the decrease in cutaneous vascular conductance during whole-body cooling from hyperthermia.",
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