921((WAF1/SDII/CIP1)) (p21) arrests cell growth by inhibiting cyclin- depend kinases. To explore the potential of using p21 for the gene therapy of cervical cancer, we infected human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cervical cancer cells (HeLa, SiHa, and Z172) and HPV-negative cervical cancer cells (C33A) with recombinant adenovirus encoding p21 cDNA. The results revealed that effective inhibition of cell growth could be achieved by sense p21 adenovirus but not antisense p21 adenovirus infection and occurred through apoptosis as measured by DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation. Apoptosis was also observed in xenografts of human cervical cancer cells infected with sense p21 adenovirus, as confirmed by in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL). The apoptosis was not prevented by overexpression of the bcl-2 transgene. To sum up, the apoptotic effect suggests that p21 should be a tumoricidal agent instead of a tumoristatic agent in preventing cervical cancers. In addition, our report substantiates the combination of the high efficiency of adenovirus vector-mediated gene delivery and the apoptotic effect of p21.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science