Adenovirus-mediated p53 gene delivery potentiates the radiation-induced growth inhibition of experimental brain tumors

Behnam Badie, Mark H. Kramar, Roy Lau, David A. Boothman, James S. Economou, Keith L. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with malignant gliomas continue to have very poor prognosis even after surgical resection, radiation and chemotherapy. Because these tumors often have alterations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene, which plays a key role in the cellular response to DNA damaging agents, we investigated the role of p53 gene therapy in conjunction with ionizing radiation in a rat brain tumor model. Exposure of cultured rat 9L gliosarcoma cells, which contain a mutant p53 gene, to a recombinant adenovirus-vector bearing the wild-type p53 gene (Adp53), induced apoptosis within 24 hours. Although ionizing radiation had no additional effect on apoptosis within this time frame, it caused G1 arrest in non-apoptotic cells after Adp53 therapy. In contrast, wild-type 9L cells demonstrated little G1 arrest after X-irradiation. When animals bearing brain tumors were irradiated after intratumoral Adp53 injections, more than 85% reduction in tumor size was noted. Moreover, the group of rats receiving both radiation and Adp53 therapy had a significant increase in survival as compared to animals receiving either therapy alone. These results support the use of p53 gene therapy as an adjunct to radiation in treatment of malignant brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-222
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

Keywords

  • Adenovirus
  • Brain tumor
  • Gene therapy
  • Glioma
  • Radiation
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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