Adiponectin regulates contextual fear extinction and intrinsic excitability of dentate gyrus granule neurons through AdipoR2 receptors

D. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Wang, J. C. Garza, X. Fang, J. Wang, P. E. Scherer, R. Brenner, W. Zhang, X. Y. Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by exaggerated fear expression and impaired fear extinction. The underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms of PTSD are largely unknown. The current pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for PTSD are either ineffective or temporary with high relapse rates. Here we report that adiponectin-deficient mice exhibited normal contextual fear conditioning but displayed slower extinction learning. Infusions of adiponectin into the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus in fear-conditioned mice facilitated extinction of contextual fear. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in brain slices revealed that intrinsic excitability of DG granule neurons was enhanced by adiponectin deficiency and suppressed after treatment with the adiponectin mimetic AdipoRon, which were associated with increased input resistance and hyperpolarized resting membrane potential, respectively. Moreover, deletion of AdipoR2, but not AdipoR1 in the DG, resulted in augmented fear expression and reduced extinction, accompanied by intrinsic hyperexcitability of DG granule neurons. Adiponectin and AdipoRon failed to induce facilitation of fear extinction and elicit inhibition of intrinsic excitability of DG neurons in AdipoR2 knockout mice. These results indicated that adiponectin action via AdipoR2 was both necessary and sufficient for extinction of contextual fear and intrinsic excitability of DG granule neurons, implying that enhancing or dampening DG neuronal excitability may cause resistance to or facilitation of extinction. Therefore, our findings provide a functional link between adiponectin/AdipoR2 activation, DG neuronal excitability and contextual fear extinction, and suggest that targeting adiponectin/AdipoR2 may be used to strengthen extinction-based exposure therapies for PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1044-1055
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

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Adiponectin
Dentate Gyrus
Fear
Neurons
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Implosive Therapy
Psychological Extinction
Parahippocampal Gyrus
Knockout Mice
Membrane Potentials
Learning
Pharmacology
Recurrence
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Adiponectin regulates contextual fear extinction and intrinsic excitability of dentate gyrus granule neurons through AdipoR2 receptors. / Zhang, D.; Wang, X.; Wang, B.; Garza, J. C.; Fang, X.; Wang, J.; Scherer, P. E.; Brenner, R.; Zhang, W.; Lu, X. Y.

In: Molecular Psychiatry, Vol. 22, No. 7, 01.07.2017, p. 1044-1055.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, D. ; Wang, X. ; Wang, B. ; Garza, J. C. ; Fang, X. ; Wang, J. ; Scherer, P. E. ; Brenner, R. ; Zhang, W. ; Lu, X. Y. / Adiponectin regulates contextual fear extinction and intrinsic excitability of dentate gyrus granule neurons through AdipoR2 receptors. In: Molecular Psychiatry. 2017 ; Vol. 22, No. 7. pp. 1044-1055.
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