Adjustable feedings plus accurate serial length measurements decrease discharge weight-length disproportion in very preterm infants: quality improvement project

Luc P Brion, Charles R. Rosenfeld, Roy Heyne, Steven L. Brown, Cheryl S. Lair, Patti J. Burchfield, Maria Caraig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Preterm very-low-birth-weight (≤1500 g) infants exhibit disproportionate weight-for-length growth in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Local problem: High frequency of body mass index (BMI) > 90th centile at discharge and 1-year postnatal age associated with elevated blood pressure and serum leptin in infancy and adolescence. Methods: Single-institution quality improvement project in appropriately grown infants born at 230/7–286/7 weeks gestational age and discharged home. Intervention: Adjustable feeding protocol based on valid serial length measurements (board or caliper). Results: The average monthly percentage of weight-for-length disproportion at discharge decreased from 13% in Epoch 1 to 0% in Epoch 2 (P < 0.05). Although the average Z-score for BMI at discharge was lower in Epoch 2 versus Epoch 1 (P < 0.01), this was absent by 1 year follow-up (P = 0.91). Conclusions: Adjustable feedings plus use of accurate serial length measurements decreases weight-for-length disproportion at hospital discharge but not at 1 year.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1131-1139
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume39
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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