Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma and Additional Rare Pathologic Findings in Multi-Organs in a Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome Patient: With an Emphasis on the Molecular Characteristics of Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma

David Kim, Natia Murvelashvili, Oksana Hamidi, Liwei Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by germline alterations in the FLCN gene. We report a 38-year-old man with BHD syndrome presenting with multiple rare pathologic findings involving various organs, including adrenal cortical carcinoma (ACC). Initially, he presented with severe cholestatic jaundice and was found to have a 25 cm left adrenal mass with radiologic evidence of lung metastases, which was diagnosed as ACC on resection. Concurrently, pigmented, bile-stained granular casts were present within the kidney and diffuse cholestasis of the liver consistent with Stauffer syndrome was identified. Subsequent staging workup detected a 1.2 cm tubulovillous adenoma in the distal ascending colon and an incidental 1.2 cm thyroid nodule. Germline genetic testing revealed a pathogenic FLCN c.1285dup. Targeted DNA next generation sequencing of ACC revealed FLCN c.1285dup, IDH2 c.5332C>T, PRKAR1A c.1074del, and PDGFRB c.3282C>A and concurrent transcriptomic analysis demonstrated VEGFA overexpression. Fourteen months after resection, follow-up computerized tomography (CT) identified the progression of lung metastases and chemotherapy with etoposide doxorubicin and cisplatin was initiated. Here, we report the first ACC with the molecular characteristics in a BHD syndrome patient, although 5 adrenal lesions, including ACC, adenomas or neoplasm with malignant potential due to higher Ki67 labelling index, have been reported in the literature and no somatic analysis in these tumors were performed. Despite the rarity, our case potentially expands the tumor spectrum of BHD patients, helps to solidify possible association with adrenal cortical tumors and reiterates the value of genetic counseling in patients with ACC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Surgical Pathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • adrenal cortical carcinoma
  • Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome
  • FLCN gene
  • thyroid nodule
  • tubulovillous adenoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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