Adriamycin-induced leakage of lysosomal enzymes in vitro

P. K. Singal, B. MacLeod, C. M R Deally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic treatment of rats with adriamycin has been shown to affect myocardial lysosomes as well as enzyme activities in the serum fraction. In this study, we examined in vitro effects of adriamycin (10-6 to 10-3 M) on the lysosomal fraction isolated from rat ventricular tissue. Morphological examination revealed that the isolated fraction was mainly vesicular in nature. Higher concentrations of adriamycin (10-3 M) caused a significant loss of acid phosphatase and N-acetyl-B-d-glucosaminidase activity from the lyosomal vesicles. The enzyme leakage was not accompanied by any intravesicular localization of lanthanum, an extravesicular electron dense tracer. Preincubation of lysosomal vesicles with 10 μg/ml superoxide dismutase did not protect against adriamycin-induced loss of lysosomal enzymes. The study shows that adriamycin induces loss of lysosomal enzymes in vitro and the superoxide radical may not be involved in this change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-94
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1988

Keywords

  • adriamycin effects
  • enzyme leakage
  • heart lysosomes
  • lysosomal permeability
  • superoxide radical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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