Advanced therapies to treat diabetic foot ulcers

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Historically, outcomes of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) have been poor. In a metaanalysis of control groups from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) for DFUs, only 24.2% of wounds that received “standard therapy” healed in 12 weeks (1). However, outcomes may be even worse in clinical practice because the exclusion and inclusion criteria used in RCTs exclude the least desirable and most challenging patients. RCTs that evaluate treatments for DFUs exclude high-risk patients such as those with poor glycated hemoglobin, peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and large, deep, or infected wounds. Most industry-sponsored studies do not reflect the majority of patients who are treated in clinical practice. For instance, Carter et al. (2) used a large electronic medical records database from wound clinics and found that more than half of patients would have been excluded from 15 of 17 RCTs. Most RCTs use less than optimal techniques for “off-loading” the ulcer, such as shoes and healing sandals. In fact, most descriptive cohort studies of total contact casts and RCTs that study off-loading devices have a healing rate that is twice that of “advanced therapies” such as bioengineered tissue, growth factors and negative pressure wound therapy (NWPT) (3,4).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHigh Risk Diabetic Foot
Subtitle of host publicationTreatment and Prevention
PublisherCRC Press
Pages80-91
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781420083026
ISBN (Print)9781420083019
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Lavery, L. A., & Liu, G. T. (2010). Advanced therapies to treat diabetic foot ulcers. In High Risk Diabetic Foot: Treatment and Prevention (pp. 80-91). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.3109/9781420083026