Affinity improvement of the high-affinity immunoglobulin E receptor by phage display

Akio Iwasaki, Takeshi Doi, Michihisa Umetani, Masanao Watanabe, Makoto Suda, Yukio Hattori, Takao Nagoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The immunoglobulin E (IgE)-binding site of its high-affinity receptor is localized in the second immunoglobulin-like domain (D2) of the α-subunit (FcεRIα). In this study, the randomized pentapeptides were introduced between Glu132 and Ile138 of FcεeRIα D2 and displayed on a filamentous phage. After eight rounds of panning, a phage clone having a mutation of Asp135Tyr136Met137 in FcεRIα D2 was obtained. The binding affinity of the mutant phages to immobilized IgE was approximately 500 times higher than that of the wild type. The mutant phages competitively inhibited the binding of IgE to the soluble receptor at a 50% inhibition (IC50) value of 116 pM. The mutant FcεRIα D2, which had been expressed as a fusion protein with glutathione S-transferase in Escherichia coli, also showed higher IgE-binding capacity than the wild type. The mutant FcεRIα D2 is expected to manifest its improved IgE-binding affinity together with any fusion partner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-548
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume293
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2002

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Keywords

  • GST fusion
  • High-affinity IgE receptor
  • Phage display

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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