Naive T lymphocytes from young mice can be immunized to protein antigens in vitro if the initial exposure to antigen is followed by a brief period of clonal expansion in the presence of both the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (at 10-8 M) and antibodies to Interleukin-10 (IL-10). These cultures produce cell lines that respond to antigen rechallenge by proliferation and cytokine secretion. T cells from older mice, however, do not respond under these conditions unless the dexamethasone concentration is raised to levels (10- 7 M) that are inhibitory for T cells of young mice. Suitably timed exposure to dexamethasone can also increase proliferative responses to polyclonal activation via the CD3 component of the T cell receptor, and again optimal responses are obtained from old mice only at steroid concentrations that are super-optimal for young T cells. Diminished sensitivity to glucocorticoid effects may contribute to the poor responses of aged mice to novel immunogens.
- T lymphocytes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)