Age differences in components of mental-rotation task performance

Christopher Hertzog, Bart Rypma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A serial mental-rotation (MR) task similar to one developed by Bethell-Fox and Shepard (1988) was used to evaluate adult age differences in encoding, rotation, and decision processes. Older adults’ response times were longer in each processing stage, and there were small age differences in rotation-stage slopes. Decision times and error rates increased as a function of rotation angle, and were differentially affected by age. The results are consistent with the hypothesis of age-related loss of information from spatial working memory when rotational transformation is required, and suggest that a proportion of age-related slowing in MR slopes found in simultaneous presentation of pairs of figures may reflect age differences in the speed of postrotational decision processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-212
Number of pages4
JournalBulletin of the Psychonomic Society
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Fingerprint

Data storage equipment
Processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Age differences in components of mental-rotation task performance. / Hertzog, Christopher; Rypma, Bart.

In: Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1991, p. 209-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3137acd047e749458490978f26d15bbd,
title = "Age differences in components of mental-rotation task performance",
abstract = "A serial mental-rotation (MR) task similar to one developed by Bethell-Fox and Shepard (1988) was used to evaluate adult age differences in encoding, rotation, and decision processes. Older adults’ response times were longer in each processing stage, and there were small age differences in rotation-stage slopes. Decision times and error rates increased as a function of rotation angle, and were differentially affected by age. The results are consistent with the hypothesis of age-related loss of information from spatial working memory when rotational transformation is required, and suggest that a proportion of age-related slowing in MR slopes found in simultaneous presentation of pairs of figures may reflect age differences in the speed of postrotational decision processes.",
author = "Christopher Hertzog and Bart Rypma",
year = "1991",
doi = "10.3758/BF03335237",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "209--212",
journal = "Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society",
issn = "0090-5054",
publisher = "Psychonomic Society Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age differences in components of mental-rotation task performance

AU - Hertzog, Christopher

AU - Rypma, Bart

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - A serial mental-rotation (MR) task similar to one developed by Bethell-Fox and Shepard (1988) was used to evaluate adult age differences in encoding, rotation, and decision processes. Older adults’ response times were longer in each processing stage, and there were small age differences in rotation-stage slopes. Decision times and error rates increased as a function of rotation angle, and were differentially affected by age. The results are consistent with the hypothesis of age-related loss of information from spatial working memory when rotational transformation is required, and suggest that a proportion of age-related slowing in MR slopes found in simultaneous presentation of pairs of figures may reflect age differences in the speed of postrotational decision processes.

AB - A serial mental-rotation (MR) task similar to one developed by Bethell-Fox and Shepard (1988) was used to evaluate adult age differences in encoding, rotation, and decision processes. Older adults’ response times were longer in each processing stage, and there were small age differences in rotation-stage slopes. Decision times and error rates increased as a function of rotation angle, and were differentially affected by age. The results are consistent with the hypothesis of age-related loss of information from spatial working memory when rotational transformation is required, and suggest that a proportion of age-related slowing in MR slopes found in simultaneous presentation of pairs of figures may reflect age differences in the speed of postrotational decision processes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0039591890&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0039591890&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/BF03335237

DO - 10.3758/BF03335237

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0039591890

VL - 29

SP - 209

EP - 212

JO - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society

JF - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society

SN - 0090-5054

IS - 2

ER -