Age differences in mental rotation task performance

The influence of speed/accuracy tradeoffs

C. Hertzog, M. C. Vernon, Bart Rypma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Young and old subjects performed a mental rotation task with a within- subject instructional manipulation of speed/accuracy criteria. The three sets of instructions emphasized speed, accuracy, or both speed and accuracy equally. Both age groups changed reaction time (RT) in response to instructions, but there was no Age x Instruction interaction. Whereas young subjects showed decreases in accuracy with decreasing RT, older adults showed relatively stable levels of accuracy with decreasing RT, suggesting that young subjects were more willing to sacrifice accuracy for improvement in speed. Speed/accuracy operating characteristics for the two groups did not overlap, suggesting that age differences in response criteria cannot completely account for age differences in mental rotation performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournals of Gerontology
Volume48
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Task Performance and Analysis
Reaction Time
Age Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging

Cite this

Age differences in mental rotation task performance : The influence of speed/accuracy tradeoffs. / Hertzog, C.; Vernon, M. C.; Rypma, Bart.

In: Journals of Gerontology, Vol. 48, No. 3, 1993.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4d27aaeacd1f484fbdd7fae46df19f13,
title = "Age differences in mental rotation task performance: The influence of speed/accuracy tradeoffs",
abstract = "Young and old subjects performed a mental rotation task with a within- subject instructional manipulation of speed/accuracy criteria. The three sets of instructions emphasized speed, accuracy, or both speed and accuracy equally. Both age groups changed reaction time (RT) in response to instructions, but there was no Age x Instruction interaction. Whereas young subjects showed decreases in accuracy with decreasing RT, older adults showed relatively stable levels of accuracy with decreasing RT, suggesting that young subjects were more willing to sacrifice accuracy for improvement in speed. Speed/accuracy operating characteristics for the two groups did not overlap, suggesting that age differences in response criteria cannot completely account for age differences in mental rotation performance.",
author = "C. Hertzog and Vernon, {M. C.} and Bart Rypma",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
journal = "Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences",
issn = "0022-1422",
publisher = "Gerontological Society of America",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age differences in mental rotation task performance

T2 - The influence of speed/accuracy tradeoffs

AU - Hertzog, C.

AU - Vernon, M. C.

AU - Rypma, Bart

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - Young and old subjects performed a mental rotation task with a within- subject instructional manipulation of speed/accuracy criteria. The three sets of instructions emphasized speed, accuracy, or both speed and accuracy equally. Both age groups changed reaction time (RT) in response to instructions, but there was no Age x Instruction interaction. Whereas young subjects showed decreases in accuracy with decreasing RT, older adults showed relatively stable levels of accuracy with decreasing RT, suggesting that young subjects were more willing to sacrifice accuracy for improvement in speed. Speed/accuracy operating characteristics for the two groups did not overlap, suggesting that age differences in response criteria cannot completely account for age differences in mental rotation performance.

AB - Young and old subjects performed a mental rotation task with a within- subject instructional manipulation of speed/accuracy criteria. The three sets of instructions emphasized speed, accuracy, or both speed and accuracy equally. Both age groups changed reaction time (RT) in response to instructions, but there was no Age x Instruction interaction. Whereas young subjects showed decreases in accuracy with decreasing RT, older adults showed relatively stable levels of accuracy with decreasing RT, suggesting that young subjects were more willing to sacrifice accuracy for improvement in speed. Speed/accuracy operating characteristics for the two groups did not overlap, suggesting that age differences in response criteria cannot completely account for age differences in mental rotation performance.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027154669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027154669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 48

JO - Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences

JF - Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences

SN - 0022-1422

IS - 3

ER -