Alcohol and non-fatal injury in the U.S. general population: A risk function analysis

Cheryl J. Cherpitel, Tammy Tam, Lorraine Midanik, Raul Caetano, Thomas Greenfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


This paper reports a risk function analysis of average daily volume of alcohol consumed and the frequency of consuming 5 or more drinks during a single day with reporting an injury in a probability sample of the U.S. adult household population living in the 48 contiguous states. The data are from the 1990 National Alcohol Survey on a weighted sample of 1150 respondents, 748 of whom were current drinkers. Risk of injury was found to increase with an average daily volume of 1 drink for both males and females and for those 30 and younger and those over 30, and to increase with a frequency of consuming 5 or more drinks on one day more often than twice a year. These data suggest that risk for injury may be increased at relatively low levels of consumption and, if so, that preventive efforts aimed at more moderate drinkers may have a greater impact on the reduction of alcohol-related accidents than efforts focused on heavier drinkers who are fewer in number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-661
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1995


  • Alcohol
  • Injury
  • Risk function
  • U.S. general population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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