Alcohol and non-fatal injury in the U.S. general population: A risk function analysis

Cheryl J. Cherpitel, Tammy Tam, Lorraine Midanik, Raul Caetano, Thomas Greenfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports a risk function analysis of average daily volume of alcohol consumed and the frequency of consuming 5 or more drinks during a single day with reporting an injury in a probability sample of the U.S. adult household population living in the 48 contiguous states. The data are from the 1990 National Alcohol Survey on a weighted sample of 1150 respondents, 748 of whom were current drinkers. Risk of injury was found to increase with an average daily volume of 1 drink for both males and females and for those 30 and younger and those over 30, and to increase with a frequency of consuming 5 or more drinks on one day more often than twice a year. These data suggest that risk for injury may be increased at relatively low levels of consumption and, if so, that preventive efforts aimed at more moderate drinkers may have a greater impact on the reduction of alcohol-related accidents than efforts focused on heavier drinkers who are fewer in number.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-661
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

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Alcohols
alcohol
Wounds and Injuries
Population
Sampling Studies
Accidents
accident
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Injury
  • Risk function
  • U.S. general population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Law
  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Safety Research
  • Transportation

Cite this

Alcohol and non-fatal injury in the U.S. general population : A risk function analysis. / Cherpitel, Cheryl J.; Tam, Tammy; Midanik, Lorraine; Caetano, Raul; Greenfield, Thomas.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 27, No. 5, 1995, p. 651-661.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cherpitel, Cheryl J. ; Tam, Tammy ; Midanik, Lorraine ; Caetano, Raul ; Greenfield, Thomas. / Alcohol and non-fatal injury in the U.S. general population : A risk function analysis. In: Accident Analysis and Prevention. 1995 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 651-661.
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