Alcohol-related intimate partner violence among white, black, and hispanic couples in the United States

Raul Caetano, John Schafer, Carol B. Cunradi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem in the United States. Results from a 1995 national study indicated that 23 percent of the black couples, 11.5 percent of the white couples, and 17 percent of the Hispanic couples surveyed reported an incident of male-to-female partner violence in the 12 months preceding the survey. The rate of female-to-male partner violence was also high: 15 percent among white couples, 30 percent among black couples, and 21 percent among Hispanic couples. The higher prevalence of IPV among ethnic minorities, compared with whites, cannot be explained by any single factor, but seems to be related to risk factors associated with the individual, the type of relationship between partners, and factors in the environment. Alcohol plays an important part in IPV. The study found that 30 to 40 percent of the men and 27 to 34 percent of the women who perpetrated violence against their partners were drinking at the time of the event. Alcohol-related problems were associated with IPV among blacks and whites, but not among Hispanics. Alcohol's role in partner violence may be explained by people's expectations that alcohol will have a disinhibitory effect on behavior or by alcohol's direct physiological disinhibitory effect. It is also possible that people consciously use alcohol as an excuse for their violent behavior or that alcohol appears to be associated with violence because both heavier drinking and violence have common predictors, such as an impulsive personality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-65
Number of pages8
JournalAlcohol Research and Health
Volume25
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001

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Hispanic Americans
Violence
Alcohols
Drinking
Intimate Partner Violence
hydroquinone
Personality
Public Health

Keywords

  • African American
  • AODR (alcohol or other drug [AOD] related) violence
  • Disinhibition theory of AODU (AOD use, abuse, and dependence)
  • Domestic violence
  • Ethnic differences
  • Gender differences
  • Hispanic
  • Predictive factors
  • Spouse abuse
  • White American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Alcohol-related intimate partner violence among white, black, and hispanic couples in the United States. / Caetano, Raul; Schafer, John; Cunradi, Carol B.

In: Alcohol Research and Health, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2001, p. 58-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caetano, Raul ; Schafer, John ; Cunradi, Carol B. / Alcohol-related intimate partner violence among white, black, and hispanic couples in the United States. In: Alcohol Research and Health. 2001 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 58-65.
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