Alcohol use patterns among Brazilian adults

Ronaldo Laranjeira, Ilana Pinsky, Marcos Sanches, Marcos Zaleski, Raul Caetano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe patterns of alcohol consumption in the adult Brazilian population. Method: Multicluster random sample of 2,346 subjects 18 years of age or older, selected nationwide. Interviews were conducted in respondents' homes between November 2005 and April 2006. Results: About 48% of the sample had not drunk alcoholic beverages in the past year, with variations by gender, age, marital status, education, income and region of the country. Among drinkers, 29% reported drinking 5 or more drinks per occasion (men, 38%). Sociodemographic variables are associated with the frequency and amount of drinking, alcohol problems, and alcohol abuse and dependence. Among the whole sample (including drinkers and non drinkers), 28% reported binge drinking, 25% reported at least one kind of alcohol related problem, 3% were alcohol abusers and another 9% were alcohol dependent. Discussion: Abstinence is high in the Brazilian population. However, elevated proportions of those who drink consume alcohol in a high risk pattern (binge-drinking), report a high level of alcohol problems, alcohol abuse and dependence. National public policies must consider these factors, as well as the regional Brazilian differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-241
Number of pages11
JournalRevista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Brazil
  • Epidemiology
  • Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Laranjeira, R., Pinsky, I., Sanches, M., Zaleski, M., & Caetano, R. (2010). Alcohol use patterns among Brazilian adults. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 32(3), 231-241. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462009005000012