Allele-selective inhibition of ataxin-3 (ATX3) expression by antisense oligomers and duplex RNAs

Jiaxin Hu, Keith T. Gagnon, Jing Liu, Jonathan K. Watts, Jeja Syeda-Nawaz, C. Frank Bennett, Eric E. Swayze, John Randolph, Jyoti Chattopadhyaya, David R. Corey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spinocerebellar ataxia-3 (also known as Machado-Joseph disease) is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder caused by expression of a mutant variant of ataxin-3 (ATX3) protein. Inhibiting expression of ATX3 would provide a therapeutic strategy, but indiscriminant inhibition of both wild-type and mutant ATX3 might lead to undesirable side effects. An ideal silencing agent would block expression of mutant ATX3 while leaving expression of wild-type ATX3 intact. We have previously observed that peptide nucleic acid (PNA) conjugates targeting the expanded CAG repeat within ATX3 mRNA block expression of both alleles. We have now identified additional PNAs capable of inhibiting ATX3 expression that vary in length and in the nature of the conjugated cation chain. We can also achieve potent and selective inhibition using duplex RNAs containing one or more mismatches relative to the CAG repeat. Anti-CAG antisense bridged nucleic acid oligonucleotides that lack a cationic domain are potent inhibitors but are not allele-selective. Allele-selective inhibitors of ATX3 expression provide insights into the mechanism of selectivity and promising lead compounds for further development and in vivo investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-325
Number of pages11
JournalBiological Chemistry
Volume392
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011

Keywords

  • Allele-selective
  • Ataxin-3
  • Peptide nucleic acid
  • SiRNA
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia-3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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