Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by varying degrees of ventricular hypertrophy and myofibrillar disarray. Mutations in cardiac contractile proteins cause HCM. However, there is an unexplained wide variability in the clinical phenotype, and it is likely that there are multiple contributing factors. Because mitochondrial dysfunction has been described in heart disease, we tested the hypothesis that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the varying HCM phenotypes. Mitochondrial function was assessed in two transgenic models of HCM: mice with a mutant myosin heavy chain gene (MyHC) or with a mutant cardiac troponin T (R92Q) gene. Despite mitochondrial ultrastructural abnormalities in both models, the rate of state 3 respiration was significantly decreased only in the mutant MyHC mice by ∼23%. Notably, this decrease in state 3 respiration preceded hemodynamic dysfunction. The maximum activity of α-ketogutarate dehydrogenase as assayed in isolated disrupted mitochondria was decreased by 28% compared with isolated control mitochondria. In addition, complexes I and IV were decreased in mutant MyHC transgenic mice. Inhibition of β-adrenergic receptor kinase, which is elevated in mutant MyHC mouse hearts, can prevent mitochondrial respiratory impairment in mutant MyHC mice. Thus our results suggest that mitochondria may contribute to the hemodynamic dysfunction seen in some forms of HCM and offer a plausible mechanism responsible for some of the heterogeneity of the disease phenotypes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||2 53-2|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)