Altered Level Of Consciousness: Evidence-Based Management In The Emergency Department

Joo Lee Song, Vincent J. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A child who presents to the emergency department with an altered level of consciousness can be clinically unstable and can pose a great diagnostic challenge. The emergency clinician must quickly develop a wide differential of possible etiologies in order to administer potentially life-saving medications or interventions. The history, physical examination, and appropriate diagnostic tests can aid greatly in rapidly narrowing the differential diagnosis. Once initial stabilization, workup, and first-line interventions are completed, most patients who present with unresolved or unidentified altered level of consciousness should be admitted for further evaluation and close monitoring. This issue provides a review of the etiologies of altered level of consciousness as well as guidance for the management and disposition of patients with this condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalPediatric emergency medicine practice
Volume14
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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