Purpose: To use four-dimensional (4D) flow MRI to measure intraventricular flow in young adults who were born prematurely to in-vestigate mechanisms that may account for increased heart failure risk in this population. Materials and Methods: In this secondary analysis of a prospective study, a total of 56 young adults participated in an observational cardiac 4D flow MRI study from 2016 to 2020. There were 35 participants who had been born moderately to extremely prematurely (birth weight <1500 g or gestational age ≤32 weeks; 23 women; mean age, 26 years ± 4) and 21 term-born participants (11 women; mean age, 25 years ± 3). Participants underwent cardiac MRI, including cine cardiac structure and function assessment, as well as 4D flow MRI. In each ventricle, normalized kinetic energy (KE/end diastolic volume) and flow through the atrioventricular valve were computed and compared between term-born and preterm participants at systolic and diastolic (early diastolic filling rate [E wave] and late diastolic filling [atrial contraction] rate [A wave]) time points by using Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. Results: Preterm-born participants had lower right ventricular (RV) E wave/A wave (E/A) KE ratios (2.4 ± 1.7 vs 3.5 ± 1.4; P < .01) and lower E/A peak filling rate ratios (computed from RV volume–time curves; 2.3 ± 1.3 vs 3.5 ± 2.5; P = .03). Additionally, viscous energy dissipation was increased during systole (5.7 µW/mL ± 3.0 vs 4.2 µW/mL ± 1.6; P = .03), increased during late diastole (3.9 µW/mL ± 4.0 vs 2.2 µW/mL ± 1.6; P = .03), and summed over the cardiac cycle (2.4 µJ/mL ± 1.0 vs 1.9 µJ/mL ± 0.6; P = .02) in preterm relative to term participants. Conclusion: These results suggest that RV diastolic filling is altered in young adults who were born moderately to severely prematurely.
- Comparative studies
- MR imaging
- Right ventricle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging