Amniotic fluid index predicts the relief of variable decelerations after amnioinfusion bolus

C. Y. Spong, F. McKindsey, M. G. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether intrapartum amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion can be used to predict response to therapeutic amnioinfusion. STUDY DESIGN: Intrapartum patients (n = 85) with repetitive variable decelerations in fetal heart rate that necessitated amnioinfusion (10 ml/min for 60 minutes) underwent determination of amniotic fluid index before and after bolus amnioinfusion. The fetal heart tracing was scored (scorer blinded to amniotic fluid index values) for number and characteristics of variable decelerations before and 1 hour after initiation of amnioinfusion. The amnioinfusion was considered successful if it resulted in a decrease of ≤50% in total number of variable decelerations or a decrease of ≤50% in the rate of atypical or severe variable decelerations after administration of the bolus. Spontaneous vaginal births before completion of administration of the bolus (n = 18) were excluded from analysis. The probability of success of amnioinfusion in relation to amniotic fluid index was analyzed with the χ2 test for progressive sequence. RESULTS: The mean amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion was 6.2 ± 3.3 cm. An amniotic fluid index of ≤5 cm was present in 40% of patients (27/67), and an amniotic fluid index of ≤8 cm was present in 72% of patients (48/67). The probability of success of amnioinfusion decreased with increasing amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion (76% [16/21] when initial amniotic fluid index was 0 to 4 cm, 63% [17/27] when initial amniotic fluid index was 4 to 8 cm, 44% [7/16] when initial amniotic fluid index was 8 to 12 cm, and 33% [1/3] when initial amniotic fluid index was >12 cm, p = 0.03). The incidence of nuchal cords or true umbilical cord knots increased in relation to amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion. CONCLUSIONS: Amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion can be used to predict the success of amnioinfusion for relief of variable decelerations in fetal heart rate. Failure of amnioinfusion at a high amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion may be explained by the increased prevalence of nuchal cords or true knots in the umbilical cord.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1066-1070
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume175
Issue number4 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Deceleration
Amniotic Fluid
Nuchal Cord
Fetal Heart Rate
Umbilical Cord
Fetal Heart

Keywords

  • Amnioinfusion
  • fetal distress
  • fetal heart rate
  • variable decelerations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Amniotic fluid index predicts the relief of variable decelerations after amnioinfusion bolus. / Spong, C. Y.; McKindsey, F.; Ross, M. G.

In: American journal of obstetrics and gynecology, Vol. 175, No. 4 I, 01.01.1996, p. 1066-1070.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether intrapartum amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion can be used to predict response to therapeutic amnioinfusion. STUDY DESIGN: Intrapartum patients (n = 85) with repetitive variable decelerations in fetal heart rate that necessitated amnioinfusion (10 ml/min for 60 minutes) underwent determination of amniotic fluid index before and after bolus amnioinfusion. The fetal heart tracing was scored (scorer blinded to amniotic fluid index values) for number and characteristics of variable decelerations before and 1 hour after initiation of amnioinfusion. The amnioinfusion was considered successful if it resulted in a decrease of ≤50{\%} in total number of variable decelerations or a decrease of ≤50{\%} in the rate of atypical or severe variable decelerations after administration of the bolus. Spontaneous vaginal births before completion of administration of the bolus (n = 18) were excluded from analysis. The probability of success of amnioinfusion in relation to amniotic fluid index was analyzed with the χ2 test for progressive sequence. RESULTS: The mean amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion was 6.2 ± 3.3 cm. An amniotic fluid index of ≤5 cm was present in 40{\%} of patients (27/67), and an amniotic fluid index of ≤8 cm was present in 72{\%} of patients (48/67). The probability of success of amnioinfusion decreased with increasing amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion (76{\%} [16/21] when initial amniotic fluid index was 0 to 4 cm, 63{\%} [17/27] when initial amniotic fluid index was 4 to 8 cm, 44{\%} [7/16] when initial amniotic fluid index was 8 to 12 cm, and 33{\%} [1/3] when initial amniotic fluid index was >12 cm, p = 0.03). The incidence of nuchal cords or true umbilical cord knots increased in relation to amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion. CONCLUSIONS: Amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion can be used to predict the success of amnioinfusion for relief of variable decelerations in fetal heart rate. Failure of amnioinfusion at a high amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion may be explained by the increased prevalence of nuchal cords or true knots in the umbilical cord.",
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N2 - OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether intrapartum amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion can be used to predict response to therapeutic amnioinfusion. STUDY DESIGN: Intrapartum patients (n = 85) with repetitive variable decelerations in fetal heart rate that necessitated amnioinfusion (10 ml/min for 60 minutes) underwent determination of amniotic fluid index before and after bolus amnioinfusion. The fetal heart tracing was scored (scorer blinded to amniotic fluid index values) for number and characteristics of variable decelerations before and 1 hour after initiation of amnioinfusion. The amnioinfusion was considered successful if it resulted in a decrease of ≤50% in total number of variable decelerations or a decrease of ≤50% in the rate of atypical or severe variable decelerations after administration of the bolus. Spontaneous vaginal births before completion of administration of the bolus (n = 18) were excluded from analysis. The probability of success of amnioinfusion in relation to amniotic fluid index was analyzed with the χ2 test for progressive sequence. RESULTS: The mean amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion was 6.2 ± 3.3 cm. An amniotic fluid index of ≤5 cm was present in 40% of patients (27/67), and an amniotic fluid index of ≤8 cm was present in 72% of patients (48/67). The probability of success of amnioinfusion decreased with increasing amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion (76% [16/21] when initial amniotic fluid index was 0 to 4 cm, 63% [17/27] when initial amniotic fluid index was 4 to 8 cm, 44% [7/16] when initial amniotic fluid index was 8 to 12 cm, and 33% [1/3] when initial amniotic fluid index was >12 cm, p = 0.03). The incidence of nuchal cords or true umbilical cord knots increased in relation to amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion. CONCLUSIONS: Amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion can be used to predict the success of amnioinfusion for relief of variable decelerations in fetal heart rate. Failure of amnioinfusion at a high amniotic fluid index before amnioinfusion may be explained by the increased prevalence of nuchal cords or true knots in the umbilical cord.

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