Amphotericin b tolerance: A characteristic of candida parapsilosis not shared by other candida species

S. M. Seidenfeld, B. H. Cooper, J. W. Smith, J. P. Luby, P. A. Mackowiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thirty yeast isolates from clinical specimens were tested for their susceptibility to amphotericin B at 30 C, 37 C, and 39 C. Of the six Candida albicans, five Candida tropicalis, one Candida guilliermondii, one Candida krusei, one Candida pseudotropicalis, two Torulopsis glabrata, and four Cryptococcus neojormans isolates tested, all were inhibited at amphotericin B concentrations of ⩽0.4 JJg/ml and killed by concentrations of amphotericin B that were ⩽ 16-fold higher than the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC). Although growth of Candida parapsilosis was also inhibited by concentrations of amphotericin B of ⩽0.4 µg/ml, minimal fungicidal concentrations of amphotericin B were ⩾32-fold higher than MICs for each of the 10 isolates examined. This unique susceptibility pattern of C. parapsilosis resembles the antibiotic tolerance observed with Staphylococcus aureus. Variations in temperature within the experimental range did not affect the amphotericin B susceptibility for any of the yeasts examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-119
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume147
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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