An algorithmic approach for the management of ostial right coronary artery chronic total occlusions

Alexandre Avran, Marouane Boukhris, Laurent Drogoul, Emanouil S. Brilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Treatment of ostial chronic total occlusions (CTOs) of the right coronary artery (RCA) can be challenging. We present an algorithmic approach to the management of such lesions that incorporates all contemporary equipment and techniques. If the RCA ostium can be engaged with a guide catheter then antegrade crossing attempts should be performed. If the antegrade guidewire enters the subintimal space, re-entry into the distal true lumen is performed provided that the antegrade guide catheter provides enough support. If re-entry cannot be achieved, the antegrade wire is left in place to facilitate retrograde recanalization attempts (usually performed using the reverse controlled antegrade and retrograde tracking and dissection-reverse CART-technique). If the RCA ostium cannot be engaged with a guide catheter (for example in flush ostial occlusions) or if the guide catheter does not provide sufficient support, a primary retrograde approach is required, aiming for retrograde guidewire puncture into the aorta, followed by snaring and externalization. Retrograde guidewire puncture can be challenging, requiring use of stiff, highly penetrating guidewires or occasionally use of the Carlino technique. The aforementioned algorithm can facilitate crossing of ostial RCA CTOs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Chronic total occlusion
  • Ostial occlusion
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Retrograde crossing
  • Right coronary artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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