Motivation: We face the absence of optimized standards to guide normalization, comparative analysis, and interpretation of data sets. One aspect of this is that current methods of statistical analysis do not adequately utilize the information inherent in the large data sets generated in a microarray experiment and require a tradeoff between detection sensitivity and specificity. Results: We present a multistep procedure for analysis of mRNA expression data obtained from cDNA array methods. To identify and classify differentially expressed genes, results from standard paired t-test of normalized data are compared with those from a novel method, denoted an associative analysis. This method associates experimental gene expressions presented as residuals in regression analysis against control averaged expressions to a common standard-the family of similarly computed residuals for low variability genes derived from control experiments. By associating changes in expression of a given gene to a large family of equally expressed genes of the control group, this method utilizes the large data sets inherent in microarray experiments to increase both specificity and sensitivity. The overall procedure is illustrated by tabulation of genes whose expression differs significantly between Snell dwarf mice (dw/dw) and their phenotypically normal littermates (dw/+, +/+). Of the 2352 genes examined only 450-500 were expressed above the background levels observed in nonexpressed genes and of these 120 were established as differentially expressed in dwarf mice at a significance level that excludes appearance of false positive determinations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics