We report a case using combination cabozantinib plus nivolumab to salvage disease control in a patient with refractory metastatic renal cell carcinoma. The patient had previously experienced disease progression from high-dose interleukin-2, sunitinib, pazopanib, cabozantinib, and nivolumab, all given sequentially. Combination cabozantinib plus nivolumab resulted in 22 months of disease control. Vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors including cabozantinib have immunomodulatory effects when combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors, with multiple ongoing phase III trials exploring the cabozantinib plus nivolumab combination in the first-line setting. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of progression on nivolumab and cabozantinib when given as sequential monotherapies but stable disease on combination cabozantinib plus nivolumab.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research