Analysis of Baseline Characteristics, Length of Stay, Cost of Care, Complications and Subgroup Analysis of Patients Undergoing Total Ankle Arthroplasty–A Large Database Study

Senthil Sambandam, Tejas Senthil, Philip Serbin, Vibhu Krishnan Viswanathan, Varatharaj Mounasamy, Dane Wukich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is becoming a progressively common procedure with a reported 10-fold increase in its prevalence over the past 2 decades; there is still limited large-scale data regarding its overall outcome. Using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, patients who underwent TAA between 2016 and 2019 were identified (ICD-10 CMP code). Data regarding demographic details, co-morbidities, geographic locations of procedure, hospital stay, expenditure incurred, and complications encountered were analyzed. Additionally, a comprehensive subgroup analysis was performed to evaluate the impact of multiple preoperative variables (including gender, diabetes, obesity, CKD and tobacco abuse) on the patient outcome. Overall, 5087 patients (mean age: 65.1 years, 54% males, 85% Caucasians, 75% from large metropolitan regions) underwent TAA. Eighty eight percent of patients were discharged to home; and the mean length of hospital stay and hospital-related expenditure were 1.7 ± 1.41 days and $92,304.5 ± 50,794.1, respectively. The overall complication rate was 8.39% {commonest medical complications: anemia [131 (2.6%) patients) and acute renal failure [37 (0.7%) patients]; commonest local complication: periprosthetic mechanical adversities [90 (1.7%) patients]}. Female and CKD patients demonstrated significantly higher risks of medical (female: p = .003; CKD: p < .001) and surgical (female: p = .005; CKD: p < .019) complications; while obesity substantially enhanced the risk of medical adversities (p < .001). Based on our study, we could conclude that the rates of TAA in the United States are on the rise, especially in regions with population greater than 250,000. TAA is a safe procedure with relatively low complication rates. The complications and hospital-associated expenditure seem to vary between different patient subgroups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • 3
  • ankle replacement
  • complications
  • fisk factors
  • outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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