Digestion of big endothelin(ET)-1 by cathepsin D, which is the only substantially identified protease showing ET converting enzyme activity, was characterized. Increased doses of cathepsin D showed decrease of immunoreactive (ir-) ET produced from big ET-1. Time course of big ET-1 conversion showed marked increase of ir-ET in a relatively short period, but further incubation resulted in the decrease of ir-ET. Incubation at various pHs with different doses of cathepsin D revealed that low doses of cathepsin D yielded the maximum production of ir-ET at pH 3.5 - 4.0, but higher doses of cathepsin D showed a bimodal curve of ir-ET production, which may be due to degradation of ir-ET. HPLC analysis revealed that cathepsin D cleaves Asn18-Ile19 bond in addition to Trp21-Val22 bond of big ET-1. These data suggests cathepsin D is not a physiological endothelin converting enzyme.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Oct 30 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology