Analysis of dynamic autoregulation assessed by the cuff deflation method

Roman Hlatky, Alex B. Valadka, Claudia S. Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Dynamic testing of cerebral pressure autoregulation is more practical than static testing for critically ill patients. The process of cuff deflation is innocuous in the normal subject, but the systemic and cerebral effects of cuff deflation in severely head-injured patients have not been studied. The purposes of this study were to examine the physiological effects of cuff deflation and to study their impact on the calculation of autoregulatory index (ARI). Method: In 24 severely head-injured patients, 388 thigh cuff deflations were analyzed. The physiological parameters were recorded before, during, and after a transient decrease in blood pressure. Autoregulation was graded by generating an ARI value from 0 to 9. Results: Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) dropped rapidly during the first 2-3 seconds, but the nadir MAP was not reached until 8 ± 7 seconds after the cuff deflation. MAP decreased by an average value of 19 ± 5 mmHg. Initially the tracings for MAP and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) were nearly identical, but after 30 seconds, variable increases in intracranial pressure caused some differences between the MAP and CPP curves. The difference between the ARI values calculated twice using MAP as well as CPP was zero for 70% of left-sided studies and 73% for right-sided studies and less than or equal to 1 for 93% of left- and 95% of right-sided cuff deflations. Conclusion: Transient and relatively minor perturbations were detected in systemic physiology induced by dynamic testing of cerebral pressure autoregulation. Furthermore, this study confirms that the early changes in MAP and CPP after cuff deflation are nearly identical. MAP can substitute for CPP in the calculation of ARI even in the severely brain-injured patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-132
Number of pages6
JournalNeurocritical Care
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoregulation
  • Brain injury
  • Cuff deflation method
  • Dynamic testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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