The presence of significant coronary artery disease in individual vessels was assessed using thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) after intravenous dipyridamole. Coronary angiograms were analyzed using quantitative computer-assisted techniques in 81 men patients. Eleven men with a <3% probability of coronary artery disease were used as a control population. Three definitions of a hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis were studied independently: (1) a >50% luminal diameter narrowing; (2) an absolute cross-sectional area ≤2.0 mm2; or (3) a ≥70% cross-sectional area obstruction. Myocardial perfusion after dipyridamole was analyzed using the quantitative (polar map) method in 213 regions from the group with known coronary anatomy and using 33 regions from the group with a low likelihood of disease. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to define the best cut-off point for the discrimination between normal and abnormal perfusion. When related to each of the three quantitative angiographic criteria, the optimum balance between sensitivity and specificity occurred at a defect size of ≥8% for the left anterior descending artery, ≥4% for the circumflex artery, and >0% for the right coronary artery. Using a luminal diameter narrowing of >50% to define the presence of significant coronary artery disease, these corresponded to respective sensitivities and specificities of 0.82 and 0.76 for the left anterior descending artery, 0.71 and 0.71 for the circumflex artery, and 0.76 and 0.82 for the right coronary artery. Thus analysis of receiver operator characteristic curves provides a means to define abnormalities for the SPECT polar map program after dipyridamole stress. Different definitions of coronary stenosis significance as determined by quantitative angiography did not substantially alter the results of the thallium imaging data and thus suggest that these definitions are functionally similar.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine