Analysis of the biliary transcriptome in experimental biliary atresia

Elisa Carvalho, Cong Liu, Pranavkumar Shivakumar, Gregg Sabla, Bruce Aronow, Jorge A. Bezerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Background & Aims: Discovery of the pathogenic mechanisms of biliary atresia has been limited by the inability to study extrahepatic biliary tissues from patients at early phases of disease. Here, we used a rotavirus-induced model of biliary atresia to investigate the entire biliary transcriptome for molecular networks activated at the onset and different phases of progression to duct obstruction. Methods: We injected Balb/c mice with saline or rotavirus intraperitoneally within 24 hours of birth, microdissected the gallbladder and extrahepatic bile ducts en bloc 3, 7, and 14 days later, generated biotinylated RNA pools, and hybridized them against microarrays containing 45,101 gene products. Results: Data filtering, cluster analysis, and functional assignment of the gene expression platform revealed 2 unique patterns of expression. The first was an overarching expression of genes regulating immunity, enzymes, and structural proteins at all phases of atresia. Within this pattern, the sequential expression of the interferon inducers Irf7 and Irf9 at the onset of injury, and interferon-γ and interferon-γ-activated genes (Stat1, Igtp, Cxcl9, Cxcl10) at the time of duct obstruction, pointed to a prominent proinflammatory circuit. The second was the time-restricted expression of genes regulating biological networks previously unrecognized in biliary atresia, such as the complement components C3ar-1 and C1q-α/β. Conclusions: The coordinate expression of functionally related genes in the biliary transcriptome underscores a predominant proinflammatory footprint and provides a basis for identification of gene groups that may play regulatory roles in the pathogenesis of duct injury and obstruction in experimental biliary atresia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)713-717
Number of pages5
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of the biliary transcriptome in experimental biliary atresia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this