Analysis of the pattern of subcellular force generation by corneal fibroblasts after Rho activation

W. Matthew Petroll, Lisha Ma, Linda Ly, Mridula Vishwanath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE. To determine the structural and subcellular mechanical effects of Rho activation on corneal fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen matrices. METHODS. Human corneal fibroblasts were plated at low density in 100-μm thick fibrillar collagen matrices and cultured for 1 or 2 days in serum-free media. Time-lapse imaging was then performed at 1- to 2-minute intervals with Nomarski differential interference contrast. After 1 hour, perfusion was switched to serum-free media containing 1 μmol/L lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). After an additional 30 to 60 minutes, the Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632 was added to the perfusion media. Changes in cell structure and extracellular matrix deformation were measured with MetaMorph. RESULTS. Addition of LPA activated Rho and induced retraction of cell processes and cellular contraction, as indicated by decreases in cell length (-12.1% ± 7.0%; P<0.05) and cell area (-13.1% ± 13.5%; P=0.06). Force generation was greatest along the cell body in all cases, as indicated by the location of maximum extracellular matrix compression. Subsequent addition of Y-27632 resulted in relaxation of extracellular matrix stress, and reextension of cellular processes. CONCLUSIONS. The data show that Rho induces rapid contraction of corneal fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen matrices. Forces are generated primarily along the cell body through a ROCK-dependent mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalEye and Contact Lens
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

Fingerprint

Fibroblasts
Extracellular Matrix
Serum-Free Culture Media
Collagen
Perfusion
Time-Lapse Imaging
Fibrillar Collagens
rho-Associated Kinases
lysophosphatidic acid
Cell Body
Y 27632

Keywords

  • Cornea
  • Fibroblasts
  • LPA
  • Rho
  • Rho kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Analysis of the pattern of subcellular force generation by corneal fibroblasts after Rho activation. / Petroll, W. Matthew; Ma, Lisha; Ly, Linda; Vishwanath, Mridula.

In: Eye and Contact Lens, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.2008, p. 65-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fd99990a734f4946be2b5fdd8b57b2fd,
title = "Analysis of the pattern of subcellular force generation by corneal fibroblasts after Rho activation",
abstract = "PURPOSE. To determine the structural and subcellular mechanical effects of Rho activation on corneal fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen matrices. METHODS. Human corneal fibroblasts were plated at low density in 100-μm thick fibrillar collagen matrices and cultured for 1 or 2 days in serum-free media. Time-lapse imaging was then performed at 1- to 2-minute intervals with Nomarski differential interference contrast. After 1 hour, perfusion was switched to serum-free media containing 1 μmol/L lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). After an additional 30 to 60 minutes, the Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632 was added to the perfusion media. Changes in cell structure and extracellular matrix deformation were measured with MetaMorph. RESULTS. Addition of LPA activated Rho and induced retraction of cell processes and cellular contraction, as indicated by decreases in cell length (-12.1{\%} ± 7.0{\%}; P<0.05) and cell area (-13.1{\%} ± 13.5{\%}; P=0.06). Force generation was greatest along the cell body in all cases, as indicated by the location of maximum extracellular matrix compression. Subsequent addition of Y-27632 resulted in relaxation of extracellular matrix stress, and reextension of cellular processes. CONCLUSIONS. The data show that Rho induces rapid contraction of corneal fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen matrices. Forces are generated primarily along the cell body through a ROCK-dependent mechanism.",
keywords = "Cornea, Fibroblasts, LPA, Rho, Rho kinase",
author = "Petroll, {W. Matthew} and Lisha Ma and Linda Ly and Mridula Vishwanath",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1097/ICL.0b013e3181580d5b",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "65--70",
journal = "Eye and Contact Lense",
issn = "1542-2321",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of the pattern of subcellular force generation by corneal fibroblasts after Rho activation

AU - Petroll, W. Matthew

AU - Ma, Lisha

AU - Ly, Linda

AU - Vishwanath, Mridula

PY - 2008/1

Y1 - 2008/1

N2 - PURPOSE. To determine the structural and subcellular mechanical effects of Rho activation on corneal fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen matrices. METHODS. Human corneal fibroblasts were plated at low density in 100-μm thick fibrillar collagen matrices and cultured for 1 or 2 days in serum-free media. Time-lapse imaging was then performed at 1- to 2-minute intervals with Nomarski differential interference contrast. After 1 hour, perfusion was switched to serum-free media containing 1 μmol/L lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). After an additional 30 to 60 minutes, the Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632 was added to the perfusion media. Changes in cell structure and extracellular matrix deformation were measured with MetaMorph. RESULTS. Addition of LPA activated Rho and induced retraction of cell processes and cellular contraction, as indicated by decreases in cell length (-12.1% ± 7.0%; P<0.05) and cell area (-13.1% ± 13.5%; P=0.06). Force generation was greatest along the cell body in all cases, as indicated by the location of maximum extracellular matrix compression. Subsequent addition of Y-27632 resulted in relaxation of extracellular matrix stress, and reextension of cellular processes. CONCLUSIONS. The data show that Rho induces rapid contraction of corneal fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen matrices. Forces are generated primarily along the cell body through a ROCK-dependent mechanism.

AB - PURPOSE. To determine the structural and subcellular mechanical effects of Rho activation on corneal fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen matrices. METHODS. Human corneal fibroblasts were plated at low density in 100-μm thick fibrillar collagen matrices and cultured for 1 or 2 days in serum-free media. Time-lapse imaging was then performed at 1- to 2-minute intervals with Nomarski differential interference contrast. After 1 hour, perfusion was switched to serum-free media containing 1 μmol/L lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). After an additional 30 to 60 minutes, the Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632 was added to the perfusion media. Changes in cell structure and extracellular matrix deformation were measured with MetaMorph. RESULTS. Addition of LPA activated Rho and induced retraction of cell processes and cellular contraction, as indicated by decreases in cell length (-12.1% ± 7.0%; P<0.05) and cell area (-13.1% ± 13.5%; P=0.06). Force generation was greatest along the cell body in all cases, as indicated by the location of maximum extracellular matrix compression. Subsequent addition of Y-27632 resulted in relaxation of extracellular matrix stress, and reextension of cellular processes. CONCLUSIONS. The data show that Rho induces rapid contraction of corneal fibroblasts in three-dimensional collagen matrices. Forces are generated primarily along the cell body through a ROCK-dependent mechanism.

KW - Cornea

KW - Fibroblasts

KW - LPA

KW - Rho

KW - Rho kinase

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38049013451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38049013451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/ICL.0b013e3181580d5b

DO - 10.1097/ICL.0b013e3181580d5b

M3 - Article

C2 - 18180688

AN - SCOPUS:38049013451

VL - 34

SP - 65

EP - 70

JO - Eye and Contact Lense

JF - Eye and Contact Lense

SN - 1542-2321

IS - 1

ER -