Analysis of two pharmacologically predicted endothelin B receptor subtypes by using the endothelin B receptor gene knockout mouse

Tadahiko Mizuguchi, Mariko Nishiyama, Kayoko Moroi, Hirokazu Tanaka, Toshihiro Saito, Yoshiaki Masuda, Tomoh Masaki, Damiane De Wit, Masashi Yanagisawa, Sadao Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. This study was performed to clarify whether the endothelin (ET) receptor subtypes mediating two pharmacologically heterogeneous response to ET(B) receptor agonists in normal mice are the product(s) of a single ET(B) receptor gene. 2. Vasodilator responses to sarafotoxin S6c (S6c) in the thoracic aorta and contractile responses to ET-1 and IRL1620 in the stomach were examined in tissues from normal and ET(B) receptor gene knockout mice, in the absence and presence of an ET(A) receptor antagonist, BQ-123, or an ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonist, PD142893. 3. In the normal mouse aorta precontracted with phenylephrine, S6c (0.1-100 nM) caused concentration-dependent relaxations (pD2 = 8.4). BQ-123 had no effect on these responses. However, PD142893 almost abolished the relaxations induced by 0.1-300 nM S6c. 4. In aortae taken from ET(B) receptor gene knockout mice, S6c up to 1 μM failed to cause relaxations, confirming that ET(B) receptors are involved in mediating this response. 5. In normal mouse gastric fundus, 0.1 nM-1 μM ET-1, S6c or IRL1620 caused dose-dependent, BQ-123-insensitive contractions, which were much more resistant to PD142893 than S6c-induced relaxations of the aorta. The pD2 values for S6c in the absence and presence of PD142893 (10 μM) were 8.12 ± 0.11 and 7.70 ± 0.11, respectively. 6. In the gastric fundus of the ET(B) receptor gene knockout mouse, S6c and IRL1620 caused no contractions. ET-1 (0.1 nM-1 μM) caused contractions sensitive to both BQ-123 and PD142893, indicating that only ET(A) receptors mediate ET-1-induced contractions of the knockout mouse gastric fundus. 7. Since both the PD142893-sensitive vasodilator response of the aorta and the PD142893-resistant contractile response of the gastric fundus to S6c were completely absent in the ET(B) receptor gene knockout mouse, we conclude that the two pharmacologically heterogeneous responses to S6c are mediated by receptors derived from the same ET(B) receptor gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1427-1430
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume120
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1997

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Endothelin B Receptors
Gene Knockout Techniques
Knockout Mice
Gastric Fundus
Endothelin-1
Aorta
Vasodilator Agents
Endothelin A Receptors
Endothelin Receptors
Endothelins
Phenylephrine
Thoracic Aorta
Genes
Stomach
cyclo(Trp-Asp-Pro-Val-Leu)

Keywords

  • Aorta
  • BQ-123
  • Endothelin
  • ET(B) receptor
  • Gastric fundus
  • IRL1620
  • Knockout mouse
  • PD142893
  • Sarafotoxin S6c

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Mizuguchi, T., Nishiyama, M., Moroi, K., Tanaka, H., Saito, T., Masuda, Y., ... Kimura, S. (1997). Analysis of two pharmacologically predicted endothelin B receptor subtypes by using the endothelin B receptor gene knockout mouse. British Journal of Pharmacology, 120(8), 1427-1430.

Analysis of two pharmacologically predicted endothelin B receptor subtypes by using the endothelin B receptor gene knockout mouse. / Mizuguchi, Tadahiko; Nishiyama, Mariko; Moroi, Kayoko; Tanaka, Hirokazu; Saito, Toshihiro; Masuda, Yoshiaki; Masaki, Tomoh; De Wit, Damiane; Yanagisawa, Masashi; Kimura, Sadao.

In: British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 120, No. 8, 1997, p. 1427-1430.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mizuguchi, T, Nishiyama, M, Moroi, K, Tanaka, H, Saito, T, Masuda, Y, Masaki, T, De Wit, D, Yanagisawa, M & Kimura, S 1997, 'Analysis of two pharmacologically predicted endothelin B receptor subtypes by using the endothelin B receptor gene knockout mouse', British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 120, no. 8, pp. 1427-1430.
Mizuguchi, Tadahiko ; Nishiyama, Mariko ; Moroi, Kayoko ; Tanaka, Hirokazu ; Saito, Toshihiro ; Masuda, Yoshiaki ; Masaki, Tomoh ; De Wit, Damiane ; Yanagisawa, Masashi ; Kimura, Sadao. / Analysis of two pharmacologically predicted endothelin B receptor subtypes by using the endothelin B receptor gene knockout mouse. In: British Journal of Pharmacology. 1997 ; Vol. 120, No. 8. pp. 1427-1430.
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