Investigations of V(H) gene mutational patterns in B-cell tumors are often performed at an arbitrary time point of disease. To assess the effects of disease progression, tumor-derived V(H) genes have been monitored from presentation through treatment and relapse in one patient with follicle center lymphoma (FCL), and two patients with primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLCL). The patient with FCL and one patient with DLCL both achieved clinical remission, although this was only partial in the FCL. However, both subsequently relapsed, and the second patient with DLCL was refractory to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In each case, the tumor-derived V(H) sequence was identified, and the CDR3 'clonal signature' was used to track tumor cell sequences in subsequent biopsies. All cases showed somatic mutations, with intraclonal heterogeneity evident at presentation, and some sequences were aberrant. The V(H) sequences of the DLCL which responded to treatment became homogeneous at relapse. The sequences of both the FCL and the refractory DLCL remained heterogeneous. In all cases, transcripts of multiple Ig isotypes could be identified, and there was immunophenotypic evidence for expression of several Ig isotypes. The case of refractory DLCL had identifiable transcripts from IgM, IgD, IgA, IgG, and IgE, but appeared to lose the ability to produce alternative isotype transcripts and protein at the late stage of disease. These cases indicate that V(H) gene analysis can be used to probe tumor cell behavior in cases of lymphoma and that perturbations caused by therapy and disease progression can occur.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology