Anatomic considerations, nomenclature, and advanced cross-sectional imaging techniques for visualization of the cranial nerve segments by MR imaging

Ari M. Blitz, Asim F. Choudhri, Zachary D. Chonka, Ahmet T. Ilica, Leonardo L. Macedo, Avneesh Chhabra, Gary L. Gallia, Nafi Aygun

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Various methods of cross-sectional imaging are used for visualization of the cranial nerves, relying heavily on MR imaging. The success of the MR imaging sequences for visualization of cranial nerves depends on their anatomic context at the point of evaluation. The heterogeneity of opinion regarding optimal evaluation of the cranial nerves is partly a function of the complexity of cranial nerve anatomy. A variety of approaches are advocated and variations in equipment and terminology cloud the field. This article proposes a segmental classification and corresponding nomenclature for imaging evaluation of the cranial nerves and reviews technical considerations and applicable literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalNeuroimaging Clinics of North America
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cranial nerve segments
  • Cross-sectional imaging
  • MR imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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