Anatomy of the subcutaneous tissue of the trunk and lower extremity

B. Markman, F. E. Barton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

146 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dissections on 8 fresh and 10 embalmed cadavers were used to determine the anatomy of the subcutaneous adipose tissue in the trunk and extremities. These dissections, along with CT scans, confirmed Gray's original description of the subcutaneous tissue consisting of a superficial and deep adipose layer. The superficial adipose layer is contained within organized, compact fascial septa. The deep adipose layer demonstrated regional variations with respect to its fascial framework, but was contained within a relatively loose, less organized, and more widely spaced fascial septa. We observed that the adipose layers are partitioned by a discrete subcutaneous fascia which fuses with the underlying muscle fascia at particular anatomic locations. The deep layer is thus contained by the subcutaneous fascia above and the muscle fascia below to form what we termed the deep adipose compartments. The deep adipose compartments contributed significantly to overall adipose thickness, are bilateral, and are found in the abdomen and paralumbar and gluteal-thigh regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-254
Number of pages7
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume80
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1987

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Fascia
Subcutaneous Tissue
Lower Extremity
Anatomy
Dissection
Muscles
Buttocks
Subcutaneous Fat
Thigh
Cadaver
Abdomen
Extremities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Anatomy of the subcutaneous tissue of the trunk and lower extremity. / Markman, B.; Barton, F. E.

In: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol. 80, No. 2, 1987, p. 248-254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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