Background: A 36-year-old white male with a history of allergic rhinitis and sinusitis presented to the emergency room with abdominal pain and diarrhea. Physical examination revealed fever, hypoxemia and a maculopapular rash. Laboratory tests showed proteinuria, hematuria, leukocytosis, eosinophilia and an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Investigations: Physical examination, urine and blood analysis and culture, chest radiography, chest and abdominal CT, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, skin and kidney biopsy, serology and renal ultrasound. Diagnosis: Pauci-immune focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis with crescents and interstitial eosinophilia, consistent with Churg-Strauss syndrome. Management: The patient was treated with methylprednisolone 1 g/day intravenously for 3 days. He also received oral clotrimazole and combined oral sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim for prophylaxis against candidiasis and pneumonia, respectively. He left the hospital against medical advice and was lost to follow-up.
- Churg-Strauss syndrome
- Necrotizing glomerulonephritis
- Small-vessel vasculitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas