Analysis of the nucleotide sequence of the coding segment of the androgen receptor gene in a patient (N105) with the receptor-negative form of complete testicular feminization has revealed a single substitution (CGC TGC) at nucleotide 2476. This alteration results in the conversion of an arginine at amino acid 772 to a cysteine. Introduction of this mutation into an androgen receptor cDNA and transfection of the mutant cDNA into COS cells result in the production of a receptor protein with an alteration in the apparent Kd of ligand binding (3 nm) compared to that of the normal androgen receptor (0.5 nm). The mutant receptor protein predicted for patient N105 also demonstrates thermal instability of ligand binding that is not associated with quantitative or qualitative changes in the immunoreactive androgen receptor protein. When assayed in cotransfection experiments using a mouse mammary tumor virus-chloramphenicol acetyl transferase reporter system, the N105 receptor protein appears to be about a tenth as active as the control receptor. These functional characteristics do not appear sufficient to account for the phenotype of complete testicular feminization and do not explain the profound deficiency of androgen receptor in cultured skin fibroblasts. Quantitative Si nuclease protection assays reveal that the level of androgen receptor mRNA in fibroblasts from patient N105 is markedly reduced. These results suggest that the phenotype in patient N105 is due to two effects of the nucleotide substitution at residue 2476: the replacement of a crucial amino acid (772) in the hormone-binding domain that impairs the function of any receptor molecules formed and a decrease in the level of androgen receptor mRNA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical