Animal ototoxicity of topical antibiotics and the relevance to clinical treatment of human subjects

Peter S. Roland, Leonard Rybak, Maureen Hannley, Greg Matz, Michael G. Stewart, Spiros Manolidis, Rick Friedman, Peter Weber, Fred Owens

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature on animal ototoxicity from ototopical medications. A secondary objective was to assess the relevance of animal data to the use of ototopical drops in clinical situations involving humans. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a MEDLINE search of the published literature using appropriate search terms to identify pertinent articles, which were reviewed, summarized, and tabulated. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-three articles were reviewed; 61 articles were appropriate to the study question and were further analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: Virtually all studies demonstrate that aminoglycoside antibiotics, when applied topically into the middle ear space, are ototoxic in experimental animals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S57-S78
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume130
Issue number3 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Roland, P. S., Rybak, L., Hannley, M., Matz, G., Stewart, M. G., Manolidis, S., Friedman, R., Weber, P., & Owens, F. (2004). Animal ototoxicity of topical antibiotics and the relevance to clinical treatment of human subjects. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 130(3 SUPPL.), S57-S78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.otohns.2003.12.008