The ability of cells with different amounts of HLA-DO or -DR to support T-cell proliferation in response to foreign antigens was investigated. Adherent cells were stained with monoclonal antibodies and sorted in the fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS) into (a) DQ-positive and DQ-negative subsets, with monoclonal anti-DQ; or (b) subsets expressing different density of DR determinants. Expression of HLA-DQ correlated with increased density of DR. The subset of cells expressing detectable DQ and increased density of DR was found to be more efficient in presenting mumps or tetanus toxoid antigen to T cells than were the DQ-negative, low-DR density adherent cells. Similar results were obtained with primary cultures of T cells from blood and with cloned antigen-specific T-cell lines, restricted by a single DR-subregion specificity. Our results suggest that quantitative variation in DR/DQ molecules expressed on monocytes correlates with their ability to support T-cell response to nominal antigens. It is not clear whether this is due to only class II antigen density on the surface of the accessory cells or whether other factors are involved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy