Human T-cell lines responsive to the polypeptide antigens GAT and (T, G)-A--L were developed. They were specific for the priming antigens and required the participation of accessory cells matched for HLA-linked determinants, as shown in family studies. In panel studies, the ability of accessory cells to present antigen was shown to be associated with HLA-D-region antigens. However, the specificity of these determinants did not fully correspond to any HLA antigens as currently defined. One GAT-specific subline, derived by limiting dilution, utilized a restriction determinant associated with, but distinct from, the DQw3 (MB3) allospecificity. Blocking studies with mouse monoclonal antibodies indicated that this restriction determinant was carried by HLA-DQ molecules. The epitopes recognized in these molecules appear to be distinct from the alloantigenic determinants currently defined by serology.
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