Isolates of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) can be divided into three antigenic groups based on their reactivities with a set of two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) directed against epitopes in the oligosaccharide region of Hib lipooligosaccharide (LOS) (P.A. Gulig, C.C. Patrick, L. Hermanstorfer, G.H. McCracken, Jr., and E.J. Hansen, Infect. Immun. 55:513-520, 1987). Approximately 24% of Hib strains react with both of these LOS-specific MAbs. Immunoprecipitation experiments involving several of these strains indicated that the epitopes recognized by these MAbs resided in two different LOS molecules, both of which were synthesized by these particular Hib strains. In addition, Western blot (immunoblot) analysis of proteinase K-treated cell extracts of these strains that had been subjected to sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis revealed two different LOS staining patterns when they were probed independently with the two MAbs. Colony blot radioimmunoassay of hundreds of colonies of one of these Hib strains showed that each colony bound both MAbs. Immune electron microscopy confirmed that individual cells of this same Hib strain expressed both types of LOS molecule at the same time. An antibody accessibility radioimmunoassay was used to show that different Hib strains of this type varied in the relative amounts of each of the two MAbs that they could bind to their cell surfaces. These findings indicate that some Hib strains can synthesize two antigenically distinct LOS molecules simultaneously.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Infection and immunity|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases