Antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs for prevention of restenosis/reocclusion following peripheral endovascular treatment.

Lindsay Robertson, Maaz A. Ghouri, Flora Kovacs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is frequently treated by balloon angioplasty. Restenosis/reocclusion of the dilated segments occurs often, depending on length of occlusion, lower leg outflow, stage of disease and presence of cardiovascular risk factors. To prevent reocclusion, patients are treated with antithrombotic agents. This is an update of a review first published in 2005. To determine whether any antithrombotic drug is more effective in preventing restenosis or reocclusion after peripheral endovascular treatment, compared to another antithrombotic drug, no treatment, placebo or other vasoactive drugs. For this update the Cochrane Peripheral Vascular Diseases Group Trials Search Co-ordinator searched the Specialised Register (last searched 14 February 2012) and CENTRAL (2012, Issue 1). We selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Participants were patients with symptomatic PAD treated by endovascular revascularisation of the pelvic or femoropopliteal arteries. Interventions were anticoagulant, antiplatelet or other vasoactive drug therapy compared with no treatment, placebo or any other vasoactive drug. Clinical endpoints were reocclusion, restenosis, amputation, death, myocardial infarction, stroke, major bleeding and other side effects, such as minor bleeding, puncture site bleeding, gastrointestinal side effects and haematoma. We independently extracted and assessed details of the number of randomised patients, treatment, study design, patient characteristics and risk of bias. Analysis was based on intention-to-treat data. To examine the effects of outcomes such as reocclusion, restenosis, amputation and major bleeding, we computed odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) using a fixed-effect model. Twenty-two trials with a total of 3529 patients are included (14 in the original review and a further eight in this update). For the majority of comparisons, only one trial was available so results were rarely combined in meta-analyses. Individual trials were generally small and risk of bias was often unclear due to limitations in reporting. Three trials reported on drug versus placebo/control; results were consistently available for a maximum follow-up of only six months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)CD002071
JournalCochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)
Volume8
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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