Antitumor effects of lidocaine on human breast cancer cells: An in vitro and in vivo experimental trial

Thiên Nga Chamaraux-Tran, Carole Mathelin, Marc Aprahamian, Girish P. Joshi, Catherine Tomasetto, Pierre Diemunsch, Cherif Akladios

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: Retrospective studies have suggested a protective effect of regional anesthesia against recurrence after cancer surgery. But confirmation of the in vivo antitumor effects is lacking. We examined the in vitro antitumor effects of lidocaine on various breast cancer cell lines and then assessed these properties in vivo at clinically relevant concentrations. Materials and Methods: In vitro experiments: normal breast epithelial cells (NBEC) MCF-10A and three tumor breast epithelial cells (TBEC) lines (MCF-7 luminal A, MDA-MB-231 triple-negative and SKBr3 HER2 positive) were exposed to increasing concentrations of lidocaine. Cell viability, migration and anchorage-independent growth were assessed by MTT, wound healing, and soft-agar growth assays. In vivo experiments: 6-week-old severe combined immunodeficient mice were injected intraperitoneally with MDA-MB-231 cells and were treated with intraperitoneal lidocaine or phosphate-buffered saline. The mice were euthanized when they reached experimental endpoints or sacrificed to determine peritoneal carcinomatosis index and global tumor volumes. Results: Lidocaine reduced the viability of all the cell lines, inhibited migration of TBEC compared to the NBEC, and compromised the anchorage-independent growth of the triple-negative cells. Intraperitoneal lidocaine improved survival of mice with MDA-MB-231 peritoneal carcinomatosis using doses that are consistent with the current clinical settings for analgesia. Conclusion: In agreement with the notion that local anesthesia may be beneficial for cancer therapy, lidocaine has a protective effect against breast cancer cells in experimental studies. However, the beneficial impact of local anesthetics on breast cancer needs to be strengthened by additional preclinical and clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-105
Number of pages11
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Lidocaine
  • Local anesthetics
  • MDA-MB-231 cell line
  • Xenograft model antitumor assays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Chamaraux-Tran, T. N., Mathelin, C., Aprahamian, M., Joshi, G. P., Tomasetto, C., Diemunsch, P., & Akladios, C. (2018). Antitumor effects of lidocaine on human breast cancer cells: An in vitro and in vivo experimental trial. Anticancer Research, 38(1), 95-105. https://doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.12196