Apneic Seizures: A Sign of Temporal Lobe Hemorrhage in Full-Term Neonates

Deepa Sirsi, Lakshmi Nadiminti, Maurine A. Packard, Murray Engel, Gail E. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intracranial hemorrhage is a common cause of neonatal seizures in full-term infants. However, only some infants with intracranial hemorrhage come to clinical attention. A right temporal lobe hemorrhage with resulting apneic seizures was described previously in one neonate. In this case report, we review three full-term male neonates with no significant perinatal complications who presented with apneic events and temporal lobe hemorrhage. One neonate had apnea as the sole manifestation of a seizure that was confirmed electrographically. One neonate had motor manifestations of seizures, in addition to apnea, that were confirmed as seizures electrographically. The third neonate had pure apneic events before initiation of electroencephalogram monitoring which were presumed to be seizures, because the electroencephalogram demonstrated epileptiform abnormalities. At follow-up, all three children were neurodevelopmentally normal. This case report emphasizes that, although uncommon, full-term neonates may present with apnea as the initial manifestation of temporal lobe hemorrhage. Because apnea could be a manifestation of a seizure, continuous electroencephalogram monitoring should be considered in a full-term neonate with unexplained apnea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-370
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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