Apolipoprotein E ε4 Allele is Associated With Plasma Amyloid Beta and Amyloid Beta Transporter Levels: A Cross-sectional Study in a Rural Area of Xi'an, China

Shan Wei, Ling Gao, Yu Jiang, Suhang Shang, Chen Chen, Liangjun Dang, Beiyu Zhao, Juanli Zhang, Jin Wang, Kang Huo, Jingyi Wang, Rong Zhang, Qiumin Qu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The effects of the Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype on peripheral amyloid beta (Aβ) and Aβ transporter levels are still unclear. Soluble low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (sLRP1) and soluble receptor of advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) are the major transporter for Aβ, which can prevent plasma Aβ from flowing into brain. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between the ApoE genotype and plasma Aβ, sLRP1, sRAGE levels. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: The committee office of the village. Participants: Residents lived in the village for more than 3 years, aged 40–85 years (n = 1,119, 63.5% women). Measurements: Plasma biomarkers include ApoE genotype, Aβ, sLRP1, sRAGE, fasting blood-glucose, and blood lipids. General information, medical history, living habits, and cognitive status (cognitive impairment or not) were also collected. Results: After controlling for all possible covariates, multiple linear regression analysis showed that the plasma level of Aβ42 was higher and log-transformed sLRP1 was lower in ApoE ε4 carriers than that in noncarriers (βAβ42 = 1.214, 95% confidence interval: 0.105–2.316, pAβ42 = 0.031; βsLRP1 = −0.075, 95% confidence interval: −0.129 to −0.021, psLRP1 = 0.006, respectively). Partial correlation analysis showed that plasma Aβ40 was positively correlated with log-transformed sLRP1 and log-transformed sRAGE (rsLRP1 = 0.116, psLRP1 <0.001; rsRAGE = 0.078, psLRP1 = 0.009, respectively). Plasma Aβ42 was positively correlated with log-transformed sRAGE (r = 0.072, p = 0.017). Conclusion: ApoE ε4 carriers had higher plasma Aβ42 levels and lower sLRP1 levels. These data indicated that the ApoE ε4 allele may also contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease through its effects on peripheral Aβ42 and sLRP1 levels, but it needs to be further elucidated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-204
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Apolipoprotein E genotype
  • amyloid beta (Aβ)
  • risk factors
  • soluble low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (sLRP1)
  • soluble receptor of advanced glycation end products (sRAGE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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