Application of echocardiographic data in patients with chronic kidney disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at a high risk for cardiovascular events and mortality, particularly heart failure. Echocardiography is the most commonly used diagnostic imaging modality for heart failure. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent literature that demonstrates how echocardiography may be used to define cardiac structure and function in the CKD population and to identify echocardiographic abnormalities that have utility in predicting clinical outcomes in this population. Recent findings Recent studies have highlighted the high prevalence of echocardiographic abnormalities in this population, and the challenge of identifying specific echocardiographic criteria for heart failure. There have been advances in application of strain echocardiography for evaluating systolic function in patients with normal ejection fraction, understanding pulmonary hypertension and identifying echocardiographic correlates of albuminuria. Additional studies have focused on diastolic dysfunction, left ventricular hypertrophy and echocardiographic findings in children with CKD. Summary Recent studies demonstrate the utility of echocardiography in characterizing heart structure and function and in providing potential tools for risk stratification in the high-risk CKD population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-288
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in nephrology and hypertension
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • echocardiography
  • heart failure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Nephrology

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