Application of machine learning methods to describe the effects of conjugated equine estrogens therapy on region-specific brain volumes

Ramon Casanova, Mark A. Espeland, Joseph S. Goveas, Christos Davatzikos, Sarah A. Gaussoin, Joseph A Maldjian, Robert L. Brunner, Lewis H. Kuller, Karen C. Johnson, W. Jerry Mysiw, Benjamin Wagner, Susan M. Resnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Use of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) has been linked to smaller regional brain volumes in women aged ≥65 years; however, it is unknown whether this results in a broad-based characteristic pattern of effects. Structural magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess regional volumes of normal tissue and ischemic lesions among 513 women who had been enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of CEE therapy for an average of 6.6 years, beginning at ages 65-80 years. A multivariate pattern analysis, based on a machine learning technique that combined Random Forest and logistic regression with L1 penalty, was applied to identify patterns among regional volumes associated with therapy and whether patterns discriminate between treatment groups. The multivariate pattern analysis detected smaller regional volumes of normal tissue within the limbic and temporal lobes among women that had been assigned to CEE therapy. Mean decrements ranged as high as 7% in the left entorhinal cortex and 5% in the left perirhinal cortex, which exceeded the effect sizes reported previously in frontal lobe and hippocampus. Overall accuracy of classification based on these patterns, however, was projected to be only 54.5%. Prescription of CEE therapy for an average of 6.6 years is associated with lower regional brain volumes, but it does not induce a characteristic spatial pattern of changes in brain volumes of sufficient magnitude to discriminate users and nonusers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-553
Number of pages8
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Hormone therapy
  • MRI
  • Random forest
  • WHIMS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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