Application of the measurement-based Monte Carlo method in nasopharyngeal cancer patients for intensity modulated radiation therapy

C. Y. Yeh, C. C. Lee, T. C. Chao, M. H. Lin, P. A. Lai, F. H. Liu, C. J. Tung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


This study aims to utilize a measurement-based Monte Carlo (MBMC) method to evaluate the accuracy of dose distributions calculated using the Eclipse radiotherapy treatment planning system (TPS) based on the anisotropic analytical algorithm. Dose distributions were calculated for the nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with the intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Ten NPC IMRT plans were evaluated by comparing their dose distributions with those obtained from the in-house MBMC programs for the same CT images and beam geometry. To reconstruct the fluence distribution of the IMRT field, an efficiency map was obtained by dividing the energy fluence of the intensity modulated field by that of the open field, both acquired from an aS1000 electronic portal imaging device. The integrated image of the non-gated mode was used to acquire the full dose distribution delivered during the IMRT treatment. This efficiency map redistributed the particle weightings of the open field phase-space file for IMRT applications. Dose differences were observed in the tumor and air cavity boundary. The mean difference between MBMC and TPS in terms of the planning target volume coverage was 0.6% (range: 0.0-2.3%). The mean difference for the conformity index was 0.01 (range: 0.0-0.01). In conclusion, the MBMC method serves as an independent IMRT dose verification tool in a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-242
Number of pages3
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014



  • Anisotropic analytical algorithm
  • Intensity modulated radiotherapy
  • Measurement-based Monte Carlo simulation
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation

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