Applying an LDL-C threshold-based approach to identify individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia

Reena Jasani, Zahid Ahmad, Ruth Schneider, Carol Tujardon, Mujeeb Basit, Amit Khera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. The optimal electronic health record (EHR) screening strategy for FH is unclear. Objective: To evaluate an LDL-C threshold-based approach of identifying patients with FH from the EHR to determine the optimal LDL-C range for FH consideration. Methods: Individuals from UT Southwestern Medical Center with an LDL-C level ≥190mg/dL at any time were enrolled in an FH registry. These 5,786 patients were divided into four categories of LDL-C (190– 219, 220 – 249, 250 – 299, and ≥ 300mg/dL) with 100 individuals randomly selected for manual chart review in each category. Chart review included 1) the presence of secondary causes of dyslipidemia, 2) diagnosis of possible/definite FH by modified Simon Broome criteria, and 3) probable/definite FH by modified Dutch Lipid Clinic Network (DLCN) criteria. Results: Of the 400 individuals with an LDL-C level ≥190mg/dL (mean age 52 years ± 14), the presence of secondary causes increased across each LDL-C category (p < 0.001) with the greatest prevalence in those ≥ 300mg/dL (52%). The prevalence of possible/probable or definite FH also varied by LDL-C category, with the highest prevalence of FH by Simon Broome criteria in the 220 – 249mg/dL category (52%) and by DLCN criteria in the 250 – 299mg/dL category (46%). Conclusions: Among those with LDL-C ≥ 190mg/dL, the prevalence of secondary causes increased markedly with higher LDL-C, while the diagnosis of FH has a parabolic relationship. Patients with intermediate LDL-C (220 – 299mg/dL) may be the optimal group to prioritize for FH screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Lipidology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Dutch lipid clinic network criteria
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Electronic health records
  • Familial hypercholesterolemia
  • LDL-C threshold
  • Prevalence
  • Screening
  • Secondary causes
  • Simon broome criteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Applying an LDL-C threshold-based approach to identify individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this